Dr. Perry K. Blatz

Canals, Railroads, and Repudiation in Pennsylvania

Submitted by CTHS on March 04, 2017 - 5:46 pm

This speaker program is about transportation, it’s financing and the problems that go with it.  But to start, it goes back to the first major State transportation project – canals, then its replacement - railroads.  In the 1820’s both the citizens of Pennsylvania and the government wanted to expand settlement and commerce west of the Susquehanna River and Allegheny mountains. At that time, there were only turnpike roads or the National Highway to take westward. In those days, it took a horse drawn freight wagon twenty-three days to cross the State. Thus the Pennsylvania Assembly of 1824 proposed Right of ways mainly for the building of canals of the Main Line of Public Works to be built across the southern part of Pennsylvania. The period was before commercial railroads existed, while the focus of the act was to create through building a canal system, the capability to ship heavy or bulk goods (and soon after passengers) and connect Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. More importantly the new canal system would amplify the new and growing markets in the developing territories reached by the Ohio River now called the mid-west. This new canal transportation would reduce the same cross-state trip to just four and one half (4½) days depending on the weather. However, such an undertaking, which cost $25,000,000, had to be financed entirely by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, as did the current concrete highways (shared with State and Federal money).  Constructed between 1826 and 1834, the hybrid canal system was 395 miles long and the state took on a lot of debt.

Event Date
March 05, 2017 - 2:00 pm

The Fate of Four of Pennsylvania’s Founding Fathers

Submitted by CTHS on April 23, 2016 - 10:19 pm

Pennsylvania in its early history had many prominent founding fathers including namesake William Penn, Dr. Benjamin Rush and of course statesman, printer and scientist Benjamin Franklin.

These individuals were entrepreneurs and leaders in government and set the path to where we are today. Their resumes were impressive. Four other Pennsylvania founders also had outstanding resumes as we see below.

Thomas Mifflin – Successful merchant, Quartermaster General of the Continental Army, graduated from College of Philadelphia (now University of Pennsylvania), President of the Continental Congress, last President of Pennsylvania and first Pennsylvania Governor and Signer of the US Constitution for Pennsylvania and finally and most importantly, West Mifflin is named after him...

Event Date
May 01, 2016 - 2:00 pm